Following a review of the literature in the field of intercultural studies, the main objective of this report is to summarize how debates on interculturalism and the related concept of “Intercultural Dialogue” have developed recently. Different approaches to intercultural research can lead to the development of different practices towards “others” or outsider cultures. Similarly, intercultural practices take place at different political levels and as a result different interpretations can emerge, both in terms of the use of facts, and also in the pursuits of political intentions. These will depend on particular cultural backgrounds. Consequently, the discussion developed in this report aims to raise consciousness among policy-makers about the sensitive nature of discourses surrounding this topic.